||Mentoring relationship is a relationship in which a junior staff member is attached to a senior person in the organization, and receives job skills and mental training and a great deal of help. The origin is from the well-known Greek Homer’s epic, The Odyssey, where the hero Odysseus entrusted his son to the credible friend Mentor for protection and education while he was going to fight the Trojan War. Then it made for a relationship that Mentor was like both a teacher and a friend to his son. Afterward, a mentoring relationship, no matter if in eastern or western culture, has had some typical examples. For instance, Confucius and his 72 disciples are in eastern culture, and philosophers Socratic and Plato are in western culture. These examples are enough to explain the existence and impact of the mentoring relationship. However, most existing research on the mentoring relationship has been set in a career environment and usually discusses the mentoring relationship from the student’s perspective to see how the mentoring function works. From the survey done for this study, there is no research discussing the effects of the mentoring relationship from both sides until now.
This study is to make a breakthrough in the lack of the existing research on the mentoring relationship through field surveys by using the questionnaire survey. All the assistant professors and professors which had experience in thesis mentoring, and the first and second year graduate students were surveyed in one of the private universities in Taipei. There were a total of 150 and 665 questionnaires distributed to teachers and students, respectively, after two months tracing and collecting, the retrieved qualified questionnaires are 83 and 413, respectively. Data Analysis of this study was conducted through the AMOS 6.0 Structural Equation Modeling Analysis and SPSS14.0 was used for the registration of information and descriptive statistics calculation.
This study finds that the recognition of the mentoring function among the mentoring professor and the master’s students will positively affect career consultation and affection interflow; the affective interflow among the mentoring professor and the master’s students will positively influence the level of learning satisfaction of the latter. First, one different point of this study from the previous research is that “On the recognition of the mentoring function, the mentoring professor’s and the master’s students’ recognition of the instrument function are higher than the recognition of the psychosocial and networking functions.” The point we can realize from this is that the domestic education for the master’s is required by completing the thesis. This is different from the European and American education for the master’s. They are required to get the fixed academic credits and join the specified seminars. The domestic education for a master’s is still a typical traditional learning of graduate school, focusing on theory development and application. In addition, professors face stresses from evaluation and promotion, and they can get the points for promotion by publishing papers abstracted from the students’ theses that they guided. Therefore, it makes the education for the master’s trend to practical orientation that is the professors’ advising capacity is respected. Second, both teachers and students must believe in the mentoring function strongly, and then the affection interflow and career consultation will be influenced positively. In other words, when only the mentoring relationship exists and works well, both teachers and students will get the positive affection interflow, and also students will have career consultations further from the teachers. Finally, affection interflow has the mediating effect on the learning satisfaction of the students, it proves that a professor’s respect, concern, sharing, and encouragement will influence a student’s attitudes for the learning environment and further increase its effects on learning.